WEATHER

Tornado EF Scale Explainer

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The EF Scale is used show a tornado's strength based on wind speeds and the damage it causes.

 

EF0 (65-85 mph)

  • Light damage. Peels surface off some roofs; some damage to gutters or siding; branches broken off trees; shallow-rooted trees pushed over.

 

EF1 (86-110 mph)

  • Moderate damage. Roofs severely stripped; mobile homes overturned or badly damaged; loss of exterior doors; windows and other glass broken.

 

EF2 (111-135 mph)

  • Considerable damage. Roofs torn off well-constructed houses; foundations of frame homes shifted; mobile homes completely destroyed; large trees snapped or uprooted; light-object missiles generated; cars lifted off ground.

 

EF3 (136-165 mph)

  • Severe damage. Entire stories of well-constructed houses destroyed; severe damage to large buildings such as shopping malls; trains overturned; trees debarked; heavy cars lifted off the ground and thrown; structures with weak foundations blown away some distance.

 

EF4 (166-200 mph)

  • Devastating damage. Well-constructed houses and whole frame houses completely leveled; cars thrown and small missiles generated.

 

EF5 (>200 mph)

  • Incredible damage. Strong frame houses leveled off foundations and swept away; automobile-sized missiles fly through the air in excess of 100 m (109 yd); high-rise buildings have significant structural deformation; incredible phenomena will occur.

 

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